Once it has been determined that a patient has scoliosis, there are several things to take into consideration when discussing treatment options:
After this complex set of variables is analyzed, treatment options are discussed. There are three basic types of treatments for scoliosis: (1) observation, (2) orthopaedic bracing, or (3) surgery.
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- Spinal maturity—is the patient's spine still growing and changing?
- Degree and extent of curvature—how severe is the curve and how does it affect the patient's lifestyle?
- Location of curve—according to the Scoliosis Research Society, thoracic (upper spine) curves are more likely to progress than thoracolumbar (middle spine) or lumbar (lower spine) curves.
- Potential for progression—patients who have large curves prior to their adolescent growth spurts are more likely to experience curve progression.